There are two ways to classify an industry within an economy. Second is the production-driven approach used by the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC). The SIC is an older classification. For industries that are market-driven, there are both goods-producing and service-providing. For the service providers, there are wholesalers and retailers, transportation and warehousing, public administration, information and utilities.For industries that are production-driven, there are both product and service-driven. The product-driven industries are made of companies that deal with inventories as their main activities. These inventories are for sale irrespective of whether they are changed or not. Here, the wholesale, retail and food services can be classified as product-driven. Factories can be equated to kitchens used by food service providers. Companies here operate on cost accounting to manage their inventory.
The classification of a primary industry could be in an organisation as a whole or its other businesses which could be found in other secondary industries. These businesses are outlets, both wholesale and retail and plants, both factories and warehouses.
Here are few examples:
Hospitality is service driven, but bars and café in a hotel are product-driven.
Entertainment is service-driven, but trade and bar in a theatre is product-driven
Health care is service-driven, but a pharmacy shop in a hospital is product-driven.
Note that all these businesses are service providers under the market-driven approach.Take the manufacturing enterprise as another example:It is both goods-producing and product is driven by the market-driven and production-driven approach respectively.A retail delivery system with stores and products that offer sales income is in the two primary industries.If it is manufacturing or merchandising, depending on outsourcing or core competency, it could be market-driven, production-driven or both.Time changes, with the birth and death of industries. So is the economy make-up and shake up. Manufacturing industries have shifted from vertical integration to strategic outsourcing. Bio and Nanotechnology are new industries.
Anything tangible can be related to a product, whether end-products or components. Services are intangible. They are delivered at a time of sale.This time of sale is when the seller and the buyer have come to an agreement, irrespective of when revenue is identified and received.Both products and services can come in the form of a commodity.
Products and services can be found in both production and service- driven establishments.The product-driven establishment can provide services like transportation, repair and maintenance.The service-driven establishment can produce tangibles like business reports and design drawings.Services can be transformed into products. A life entertainment show can be transformed to a recorded product.Electronic designs can be sent to manufacturers no matter the time and place.Books can be printed from electronic files when demanded. This helps to reduce inventory.These are the ideas of strategic outsourcing.
Products and/or services
This is a collective of all products and services. Service-driven industries have evolved.Their services are both product and service oriented. Examples are in the differing features of traditional land phones and cell phones.
Consumables are commodities like household and office supplies.Durables are equipment like cars, furniture and fittings.Facilities are the durable materials from construction works.
Digital manufacturing and construction
Intangible stuff is becoming more definable because of technology. The future brings with it hard and soft products that come from digital manufacturing and construction.Digital construction brings software while digital manufacturing brings soft service information and products that are knowledge-based.
The artist’s life
Though artist can sometimes be seen as nonessential, they are still members of a society. They work not just for the sake of it. It represents an essential feature of the practice that comes from their presence and interaction with the society.
This is his world, his life. In it are his family, friends, interests and home.Art is historical, beautiful and passes a message.
BRING YOUR OWN DEVICE (BYOD) - SECURITY PROBLEM AND SOLUTION
BYOD is a policy that permits staff to bring their devices to work. With their device, they can access company information and applications. This trend is known as IT consumerization. BYOD was introduced by Intel in 2009.BYOD is a practical and inviting choice to increase staff productivity. Staffs tend to desire their devices for personal and corporate use.
From undertaken surveys, the following are revealed:
BYOD comes with its challenges. One of them is that of security problem.
Some of these problems are listed below:
All these security problems are not without a solution.
Politics influences the artist because it is in the interest of the societies, its desires and wishes. This is politics as a whole that covers government, our culture and economics as well as every other key event around the world. Plato, the great philosopher, already described politics as the noble art of managing every other sort of art. Art can be a commanding means of influence. It just can be another sort of propaganda. To create a food for thought, and dictate a position, an artist can use the influence of art.
The following steps can be taken to secure the device Staffs can be educated on cybersecurity.Staffs are encouraged to only use licensed software Staffs can use SANDBOX or any other up to date antivirus. To communicate through a safe channel, virtual private network (VPN) can be used.
Staffs should use good encryption when they store and send information. Staffs should customise their firewall and ensure utmost security. Staffs should shun public and insecure network. Staffs should avoid downloading any unknown application.
When industry practices are leveraged and integrated with a considerate BYOD policy, companies can deal with security challenges that BYOD poses.These are four key factors that come in mind:
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